The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
- Notre-Dame de Paris, later titled The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, is a novel by Victor Hugo published in 1831. The story begins on Epiphany, 1482, the day of the 'Feast of Fools' in Paris, France. Quasimodo, the deformed hunchback bell-ringer of Notre Dame, is introduced by his crowning as King of Fools. Esmeralda, a beautiful Gypsy with a kind and generous heart, captures the hearts of many men, including those of a Captain Phoebus, but especially those of Quasimodo and his adoptive father, Claude Frollo, the Archdeacon of Notre Dame. Frollo is torn between his obsessive love and the rules of the church. He orders Quasimodo to kidnap her, but the hunchback is suddenly captured by Phoebus. Quasimodo is sentenced to be flogged and turned on the pillory for one hour. He calls for water. Esmeralda, seeing his thirst, offers him a drink. It saves him, and she captures his heart.