North and South
- North and South is an Industrial novel by Elizabeth Gaskell. It was published as a book, in two volumes, in 1855. The novel is set in the fictional town of Milton-Northern, in the industrial-era North of England. The heroine, Margaret Hale, is a new arrival in the town. She remembers her former home in the South as a rural paradise, and is critical of industrialism. Her opinions are challenged through her relationships with mill-owner John Thornton and the working class Higgins family. Besides including scenes of industrial strife, North and South is a courtship-and-marriage story with richly complex elements including class conflict, religious doubts, maternal struggles, and naval mutiny.