The Red Badge of Courage
- An American Civil War novel about Henry Fleming, a young private in the Union Army, who flees from the field of battle. Ashamed he longs for a wound -- a "red badge of courage" -- to counteract his cowardice. When his regiment again faces the enemy, Henry acts as standard bearer. Crane, born after the war, had not at the time experienced battle firsthand, but the novel is known for its realism.